Meningitis Treatment Options

Define Meningitis– This is a serious disease that causes inflammation of the meninges, which are membranes covering the brain and the spinal cord. The disease occurs when the fluid that surrounds the meninges becomes infected. The most common forms of this disease are viral and bacterial. Others may include drug allergies, fungi, cancer, and chemical irritation. Both forms of meningitis (viral and bacterial) are contiguous, and both of these can be transferred through kissing, coughing and sneezing.

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Types of Meningitis

There are many kinds of Meningitis, like cryptococcal, which is caused by a fungal reaction, and carcinomatous that is related to cancer.  However, the most common are viral and bacterial.

Viral: Viruses that come under the enterovirus category causes  85% cases and can be observed during the fall and summer. These can infect around 10-15 million per year.

  • Echoviruses
  • Coxsackievirus B
  • Coxsackievirus A

Other viruses that cause Meningitis are:

Bacterial Meningitis

Bacterial meningitis is infectious and caused by disease from a specific bacteria. It’s deadly if left untreated. Between 5 and 40 percent of children, and 20 to 50 percent of adults with this condition do not live through it. The most widely recognized types of microbes that cause bacterial meningitis are:

Streptococcus pneumoniae, which is ordinarily found in the respiratory tract, sinuses, and nasal pit, and can bring about what’s called “pneumococcal meningitis” Neisseria meningitidis, which is spread through salivation and other respiratory liquids and causes what’s called “meningococcal meningitis.” Haemophilus flu, which can bring about meningitis as well as inflammation of the blood, irritation of the windpipe, cellulitis, and irresistible joint pain. Listeria monocytogenes is a foodborne bacteria.

Symptoms

In the beginning, symptoms of bacterial and viral meningitis can be quite similar. However, the symptoms of bacterial meningitis are more serious, and age is also a big factor.

Symptoms of Viral Meningitis

In Infants:

  • Lethargy
  • Fever
  • Decreases Appetite
  • Sleepiness
  • Stiff neck

In Adults

  • Seizures
  • Stiff neck
  • Headaches
  • Lethargy
  • Sensitivity to bright light
  • Nausea

Bacterial Meningitis Symptoms

The symptoms of Bacterial meningitis develop suddenly. This includes:

  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Altered mental status
  • Light sensitivity
  • Stiff neck
  • Headache
  • Irritability

Seek medical attention if you encounter these manifestations. Bacterial meningitis can be savage. There’s no real way to know whether you have bacterial or viral meningitis just by how you feel. Your specialist should perform tests to figure out what type you have.

Meningitis Treatment

The vast majority with viral meningitis shows signs of improvement within three days of feeling sick, recovering within two weeks. With mild instances of viral meningitis, you may just need home treatment, including drinking additional fluids.

Bacterial or extreme viral meningitis may require treatment in a medical facility, including antibiotics agents, corticosteroids, and pharmaceuticals to diminish fever. Oxygen treatment is also an option, if you are experiencing difficulty relaxing.

Strong care– In the hospital, doctors watches the individual closely and provides necessary care. For instance, you may need to drink additional fluids, or get the liquids through a vein (IV).

Follow-up care– Most healthy adults who have recovered from meningitis don’t require follow-ups.

Adults who have other medical issues make them more susceptible to long-term complications, and those who contract meningitis again should consult a specialist immediately.

Infants and children require follow-up care after recovery. They should be checked for long haul intricacies, such listening loss.

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