Types, Causes, and Symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is an incurable disorder that presents its symptoms during childhood and continues on throughout adolescence and into adulthood. ADHD is a neurobehavioral disorder. Although it is incurable, there are treatment options available to manage the symptoms.

ADHD occurs two to four times more often in boys than girls. It is the most common disorder among children.

what-are-the-treatment-methods-for-adhd_article_main

Different Types of ADHD

  • Inattentive:
    • Difficulty organizing and finishing tasks
    • Difficulty paying attention to detail, or following commands and discussions
    • Easily distracted
    • Forgets details of everyday routines
  • Hyperactive-Impulsive:
    • Talks often
    • Has trouble sitting for long periods of time, like at a dinner table or doing homework
    • Constantly physically active
    • Restless
    • Shows impulsive behaviors, such as disturbing others, snatching belongings from other people, or talking at inappropriate times
  • Combined:
    • The symptoms of both inattentive ADHD and hyperactive-impulsive ADHD occur together.
    • This is the most common category of ADHD.

What Causes ADHD?                                                             

The causes of ADHD are unclear; however, researchers believe that certain genetic tissues may be the cause of this disorder. Researchers believe that the genes that are responsible for ADHD depict that ADHD is linked to brain structure, certain chemicals, and certain portions of the brain that deal with attention and impulse control.

What Causes ADHD?                                                             

The causes of ADHD are unclear; however, researchers believe that certain genetic tissues may be the cause of this disorder. Researchers believe that the genes that are responsible for ADHD depict that ADHD is linked to brain structure, certain chemicals, and certain portions of the brain that deal with attention and impulse control.

Causes:

  • During pregnancy, certain behaviors also lead to the risk of having a child with this disorder.
  • Children who are exposed to nicotine during pregnancy
  • Drug abuse and alcohol abuse can affect the activity of neurons that produce neurotransmitters
  • Environmental poisons, such as paint containing lead, pesticides, and other household cleaning agents.

Food additives are currently being researched to detect whether there is a link with ADHD. Additives can potentially make symptoms worse for children with hyperactivity. For example, food dyes and certain preservatives, like sodium benzoate, can possibly worsen symptoms due to the release of free radicals.

It is also believed that consuming too much sugar may cause this disorder; however, there is no evidence that supports this.

Individuals who consume foods that have a high fat content, refined sugar, and sodium during adolescence are more likely to develop ADHD compared to other individuals of the same age group.

Symptoms of ADHD

Signs and symptoms normally occur before the child reaches the age of seven years old. Symptoms can even begin to surface around two years old or three years old.

Inattentiveness symptoms: These symptoms can be noticeable clearly when the child attends school. Adults face similar symptoms at the workplace or any social gathering.

  • Difficulty paying attention to detail
  • Poor listening skills
  • Easily distracted
  • Forgets day-to-day activities
  • Avoids devoting time to work on certain projects or activities to avoid stress
  • Difficulty following directions

Hyperactivity symptoms:  These symptoms surface in individuals before they reach seven years old.

  • Twitches often
  • Has trouble sitting a long time
  • Talks too much
  • Struggles to remain silent

Impulsivity symptoms:  These symptoms put the individual at risk for accidents and dangerous situations.

  • Interrupts discussions
  • Lacks patience
  • Struggle to delay reactions
  • Frequent outbursts
  • Initiates discussions at unsuitable times
  • Impatient
  • Intolerant

The child may continue to face these symptoms well into adulthood, which will cause difficulty in their his or her life in the future. Early identification of this disorder and careful monitoring of children who have ADHD can prevent potential problems in the future.

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s